At first look, fishing hooks may appear to be a tiny, trivial piece of metal placed at the end of your fishing line. But never mistake its insignificant appearance with uselessness. A fishing hook is crucial to all fishing trips, as it determines whether an angler can successfully pierce through their catch or not.
Whether you are a professional or amateur fisherman, choosing the right gear might be a bit of a challenge, given the numerous types of fishing hooks available on the market. But worry not. All it takes is the article below, and you will get to know the anatomy of a fishing hook, their classification, which material is the best, and how to pick out a fishing hook that fits your needs. Let’s get ready and dive into this guideline!
What Are The Parts Of A Fish Hook?
To grasp the working mechanism of a fishing hook, you must first have a basic idea of how it is built. There are seven parts in a fishing hook, each is dedicated to a unique purpose. Together, they create a powerful item that allows anglers to land effortlessly.
- Point: The point is the sharpest area of a hook, which cuts through a fish’s body. It is positioned at the far end, opposite of a hook’s eye.
- Barb: The bard is similar to a point, but bent backward with a spike that points towards the floor. A barb keeps the point in its place and prevents the hook from being loose. This way, whenever you manage to land a fish, they cannot escape easily.
- Throat: The throat is the length from the point downwards.
- Bend: The bend is where the hook curves into half a circle.
- Shank: The shank is the length from the eye downwards, connecting to the bend.
- Eye: The eye is a hollow ring used to tie the fishing line or lures.
- Gap: The gap is the width between the shank and the throat.
Despite this seemingly complicated setup, most people only pay attention to the two most important factors of a fishing hook, including the eye and the point.
Types Of Fishing Hooks
Also known as bait holders, these hooks are designed with extra spikes running alongside the shank. Considering their lethal nature, you should only employ bait hooks if you truly wish to land a fish and keep them for later use.
For catch and release games, stay away from these beasts since they can wreak irreversible damage to the fish.
Octopus hooks pride themselves on the shorter structure, a rounded shank, and a tip pointing upwards. With an eye facing backward compared to the tip, octopus hooks are excellent for egg loop knots.
When fishing, these hooks go hand in hand with fish having small mouths. Steelhead, trout, and salmon are the most suitable varieties for octopus hooks. But be aware that octopus hooks are relatively easy to swallow, which adds to the mortality rate of your catch.
Are you interested in minimizing the impact of hooks on your fish? If yes, then circle hooks are an ideal choice. With a point bent towards the shank to avoid deep penetration and organ destruction, circle hooks secure themselves to the corner of a fish’s mouth.
And the best part? Not only is getting rid of these hooks difficult for fish, but it is virtually impossible for them to gulp the hooks inside. Therefore, both their chances of escaping and getting severely injured will lower significantly.
Aberdeen hooks differ from the others thanks to their extremely long and straight shank. Mostly made from ultra-lightweight wire, these hooks make sure live baits can last longer once pierced through.
A treble hook consists of three separate hooks with three points and three bends tied together in the shank. Since they provide wide bite coverage for artificial lures, anglers use treble hooks for a variety of fishing purposes. They are also highly effective in securing a fish, given the three-hook design.
However, not all fishing areas allow the use of treble hooks, so do not forget to check the regulations firsthand.
Worm hooks are merely an umbrella term for several hooks with the distinctive build quality. But they all share one similarity, which is a wider gap between the shank and the throat.
This gives enough space for fishermen to tuck in big-sized baits such as tubes, senkos, or plastic worms. If you are hunting fish with larger mouths, pack these hooks alongside for the best outcomes.
As the name already indicates, double hooks combine two bends and two points using a single shank. The application of double hooks is rather limited, and they are mostly used for Atlantic salmon flies only.
You can easily spot out a jig hook with the way its eye is bent 90 degrees forward. Built for jig fishing, jig hooks are barbed to ensure the fish stays fixed once it takes a bite.
They vary in size and weight, which is also a reason why jig hooks are compatible with various types of lure options.
For those who intend on fishing in water bodies that have vast and dense vegetation, it is important to use thin, sharp hooks like weedless. They are less likely to get stuck and are more capable of wading through thick plants.
To increase the success rate, weedless hooks also incorporate a safety guard stretching from the eye to the point.
Kahle hooks are pretty similar to circle hooks, with the exception of the point. By bending backward and extending the gap, the sharp tip of these hooks gives aggressive fish a hard time escaping.
Anglers use these powerful items to hold large baits and confront belligerent species.
Saltwater hooks are best known for their corrosion-resistant finish, which offers protection against the saline solution. While their points tend to be sharper and longer, their sizes and shapes are quite versatile.
Types Of Hook Point
As stated above, the point is one of the two most essential factors of a hook. Whether or not you manage to land a fish depends heavily on how you choose your point. Below are the five common points found in fishing that you should pay attention to.
A needle point is bent backward, but only slightly. Its tip is sharp and curves inside, making it easier to pierce through a fish’s mouth. The damage caused by a needle point will be minimal, so your fish is likely to stay intact after getting caught.
Rolled in point
A rolled-in point is very much the same as a needle point, except being way longer, sharper, and curvier. The tip itself leans closer to the eye, narrowing the gap between them.
After penetrating a fish’s mouth, such a point keeps your catch in place and rules out their chances of escaping when being reeled in.
A spear point is straight, with a tip facing upwards. Due to its ease of usage and high level of versatility, most people deem spear points as a go-to option.
However, it goes all the way into a fish’s throat instead of sticking at its mouth’s corner. Therefore, you can expect your fish to be damaged one way or another when taking advantage of spear points.
Knife edge point
A knife edge point stands out with its dual sharpened sides, which tilts away from the eye. Regarding its effectiveness, knife edge points hardly let any fish run after they have taken a bite. That being said, these points do not go gentle on the prey.
A hollow point resembles a needle point, as both have a tip bent backward. The difference is that hollow points have a curvier tip and a bent-in spike. They are mostly used for landing soft-mouthed fish.
Types Of Hook Eye
Many people dismiss the importance of choosing a hook eye. But little do they know that how the eye is shaped determines your tying styles and knots. Again, there are five popular eyes as follows.
A ringed eye is a circle that leaves a small gap near the shank. Ringed eyes are commonplace since anglers can employ various knots, and they are not picky concerning the fishing line.
A brazed eye is a complete circle sealed by metal. It is less likely to break or bend if confronted against aggressive fish, which is an ideal choice to hunt down big fish.
A needle eye is a small, elongated loop. Its tiny size enables fishermen to pierce the entire bait.
A tapered eye is the same as a ringed eye, but the end of the loop is a bit sharper. Tapered eyes are reserved for dry fly anglers only, as they keep the weight down and ensure the fly floats effortlessly.
A looped eye is designed with the same purpose as a tapered eye, which is keeping the weight down. They are used only in wet fly fishing.
Barbed Vs Barbless Hooks
Having a bard is not a mandatory requirement of a fishing hook. That being said, barbs help anglers to secure the baits better, especially if live baits are being used.
Thanks to their sharpness, barbed hooks give fish a harder time to escape after they have taken a bite. Therefore, you are more likely to go home with a bucket full of fish if barbed hooks are utilized.
Still, many fishermen shy away from using a barb due to its fatal nature. When pierced through fish, a barbed hook causes more damage to the mouth and the organs.
Such a hook can also get swallowed and snagged alongside the fish, making it more challenging to remove safely. And once you do, chances are your fish no longer breathes.
So, if you are hunting for meat, a barbed hook is your best choice. On the other hand, use a barbless hook if you only want to have a catch and release the game.
Material Of Fishing Hooks
Fishing hooks used to be crafted out of wood, bones, ivories, or bronze. But most fishing hooks you find on the market these days are made from steel variants. They can be stainless steel, high-carbon steel, or steel alloyed with vanadium.
Regardless of the base material, all hooks are coated with an external layer of protection, usually in the form of corrosion resistance.
Stainless steel hooks are the least sturdy here, while high-carbon steel hooks are more enduring. But if you want a hook built to last, consider Vanadium steel.
How To Choose A Fishing Hook
Step 1: You have to know what kind of fish you intend on catching. Different species mean different sizes and strengths.
For big fish with a tendency to fight, you need barbed hooks with sharp points that can attach themselves to the fish’s mouth easily. Vice versa, medium-sized and small fish only require a simple circle hook.
Step 2: Next up, settle down on the lures, baits, and the fishing technique you wish to employ. For example, if you want to go wet fly fishing, you cannot possibly use a brazed eye. Or, should you want to use live bait, Aberdeen hooks are an excellent choice.
Step 3: Determine the sizes and aughts of your hooks. You can have a look at the fishing hook chart below.
Step 4: Make sure the rest of your tackle box goes with the hooks.
When shopping for a tackle box for the first time, it can be confusing trying to get the right types of fishing hooks. Hopefully, with this article, you can sail through the experience and lay your hands on the most suitable items. If you find these tips helpful, do not forget to send them to your fellow fishermen!
Born in Lakeland, Florida, Daniel has started fishing since he was just a tiny little kid. His father was a real good fisherman, as he taught Daniel tricks and tips to catch the fish better. From those childhood memories, Daniel has built up his love for fishing. Until now, he has been participating in several bass tournaments and currently serves as the Chief Editor of fishingonsunday.com to share his precious knowledge and experiences with many more people.