10 Types Of Fishing Lures (Full Explanation For Beginners)

Types of Fishing Lures

Fishing requires many different gears to bring anglers all advantages. One of them is fishing lures. Fishing lures are a type of artificial fishing bait to entice fish. It is available in many different designs and colors. Each type brings a distinct effect to attract a particular species of fish. That’s why having a good knowledge of lures is critical for anglers. 

Don’t worry. This post is all you are looking for. Keep reading to learn about 10 types of fishing lures with all necessary information provided.

10 Types of Fishing Lures (A Complete List)

Spoon lures

Spoon lures

Spoon lures, one of the oldest forms of fishing lures, are still widely used today. They imitate tiny baitfish in the water. As its name implies, this type has a spoon-like shape made from oblong metal pieces. While the bottom end is tight with a treble hook, its top end has a loop to attach it to the main fishing line.

Commonly, they come with a colorful design on one side, and the other side is a shiny reflecting metallic surface. Yet, some spoon lures only have a single color, such as silver, bronze, or gold. 

Their form and color create movement effects when an angler is winding them in. While the light reflection on the surface combined with that movement will attract the attention of nearby fish, causing them to chase and eat it.

Anglers can use these lures in both fresh and saltwater to fish various fish. Spoon lures go well with many fishing methods, such as trolling, retrieving, casting, and vertical jigging.

However, spoon lures may be boring for those anglers who want an exciting experience because they cannot create much noise and vibration when moving through the water to entice fish.

Spinner

Spinner Lures

Spinners are fishing lures with thin oval-shaped blades made of metal. When you reel in the lure, the blades spin around it, earning the name “spinner.” The blade’s spinning motion provides a brilliant reflection to attract the fish’s attention and makes them agitated and ready to attack.

Spinners are suitable for both fresh and saltwater. They are available in different sizes and colors. Thus, anglers might prepare a couple of different ones in your tackle box. Yet, always check the lure information to ensure that you are not using a spinner designed for freshwater in the sea area. It will corrode rapidly since it cannot withstand the salt.

A spinner can only be fished by retrieving and casting. Spinners work well for bass and pike fishing, while saltwater versions are better for mackerel, jacks, and small tuna.

If your fishing area is murky, spinnerbait is the most suitable choice. Its blades create a bright flash to entice many fish. Simply keep the fishing rod elevated and the blades beneath the water.

Spinnerbaits won’t work if the fish lurk in the deeper area where visibility is poorer. In this situation, add a sinker to create more vibration of your spinnerbait lure.

Crankbaits/ Diving Plugs

Crankbaits

When it comes to imitating baitfish, crankbaits are among the finest. They are available in various sizes and hues, with each combination suitable for a distinct species. In addition, this lure type can imitate the escaping movement of a crawfish at the bottom.

Like other lure types, diving plugs come in a wide range of sizes, shapes, and colors. It’s preferable to choose one that pretty matches the baitfish in the body of water where you intend to fish.

It includes two main parts: the lip and the body:

  • The lip is positioned at the front and at a specific angle. It determines how the lure swims and dives. The greater the angle, the deeper the lure will dive. If the lip is ever destroyed when a fish strikes your crankbait, the lure will no longer swim correctly and will need to be replaced.
  • The body is manufactured from a mold to have a fish-like shape. Moreover, it is also elaborately painted to resemble a real fish species or with brilliant shiny colors to entice fish. 

They work effectively in both saltwater and freshwater. The key to success when fishing with a crankbait is to pick a lure that will swim at the same depth as the fish are eating. Thus, you’ll need to try many different baits: shallow, medium, and deep diver.

A rattle within the body can be helpful in murky situations when sound may attract more fish owing to poor visibility in the water. Thus, this lure is particularly widespread during the colder months of the year. 

Buzzbaits

Buzzbaits are exciting sorts of fishing lures to employ. Their design is pretty similar to spinners, yet they are not set in the same way. Instead, a buzzbait features a bent wire to attach your line. One end of the wire attaches a molded jig head with an eye-catching skirt and a hook, while a propeller is tight to the other.

The propeller lifts the bait on the surface. Making a churning sound is how this lure type works. This sound entices and irritates the fish. It is so bothersome that a fish will attack it simply to obtain a quiet atmosphere.

There are several varieties of buzzbaits on the market today. The propeller is the only thing that varies. Some are equipped with a single or double propeller or a clacker. 

The clacker is a piece of metal that the propeller strikes when turning, adding extra sound to this lure and so attracting more fish. So, buzzbaits are not only colorful and flashy, but they also provide significant vibrations when moving through the water.

Anglers often use it for bass fishing because it encourages them to attack powerfully and close to the water surface. Typically, buzzbaits are used in retrieving and casting. Furthermore, they are ideal for night fishing and near cover. Keep in mind to wind it as slowly as possible while keeping the lure on the surface.

Trolling lures

Trolling lures

Anglers commonly employ trolling lures while offshore fishing for large pelagics such as dorado and marlin.

Trolling lures have a basic design with a metal head bordered by a colorful skirt that keeps the hooks inside them. This lure type is available in a variety of colors and sizes. Selecting the proper lure head and skirt combination is critical to success.

These lures work best when trolling across open water because they tempt fish to come for a closer look. One of the most significant aspects is the lure head because the form and weight of the head dictate how the lure swims and the smoke trail or bubble it leaves in the water. 

Here is a tip for choosing the color of the skirt: black skirts for gloomy days and bright skirts for bright days. This is to assist the fish in seeing the lures in varying circumstances.

Poppers

Poppers

A popper is a surface lure that has been around for a long time. Its design is a long hollow tube attached with hooks at the rear and center. Due to its unique form, a popper produces a splashing and gurgling sound to attract fish. When the fish attacks, it will create a surface explosion, making it one of the most thrilling methods to fish.

This type imitates a floating, injured baitfish or prey such as frogs, crickets, or mice. The angler physically ‘pops’ the lure across the surface of the water, in brief, irregular bursts. These pops frequently attract the attention of bigger fish, particularly predatory species that are the dominant species in their respective habitats, like tuna, largemouth bass, and huge trevally.

These lures are available in several shapes and sizes. Bear in mind that the bigger the fish, the bigger the popper you choose. For example, for bass, you’ll use a smaller popper; still, for giant trevally, you’ll need a popper with the forearm size.

Jigs

Jigs Lures

Jig lures have hundreds of brands and varieties available in a wide range of shapes and colors. The jig is generally the first must-consider lure of call for bass anglers and other sports fishers since it is specially designed to target predatory fish such as panfish, bass, and even pike.

They are commonly used for anglers with “jigging” or “jerking” fishing types. When you cast your jig out, wait for it to sink and slowly lift it off the bottom to attract a fish to attack it. It’s also quite adaptable to use in both saltwater and freshwater.

A jig has two parts: body and head components.

  • Most jig bodies are manufactured of silicone or rubber, which mimic the shape of different prey such as lizards, paddle tails, frogs, grubs, and other fish. The general tip is to pick a seasonally suitable hue, such as browns and blues in the summer heat and brighter colors in the winter.
  • The jig head is attached to a hook. Several varieties of this lure and saltwater jigs take on an entirely new structure to resemble real baitfish. This type has a metalhead that can be manufactured of many materials. Tungsten is a popular jig material because it is a dense metal that enables a smaller bait to be thrown further.

Soft plastic

Soft plastic

If you are looking for a real-like fishing lure, soft plastic must be on the top list. Indeed, when a plastic lure is of high quality, it will be challenging to distinguish it from a real fish. Thus, they are among the most popular lure choices for bass fishing.

The soft plastic body is jelly-like, made from flexible rubbery. This type frequently has a dynamic tail with a tiny fin. That tail will swim at a high frequency once retrieved through the water, giving the lure the appearance of a genuine creature. Furthermore, its soft body provides gentle motions that definitely catch nearby fish’s attention.

This type comes in a wide range of forms and sizes, from the classic worm to the salamander or special crawfish. Many modern soft plastic lures are designed to be more and more like actual bait species. Still, most anglers believe that the bait’s movement, not its looks, entices a fish strike.

Anglers can use this lure type in many different fishing methods: wacky rigs, Carolina rigs, Texas rigs. One intriguing aspect of plastic ones is anglers can use them as artificial baits in live bait setups. This allows you to save money in the long run.

Flies

Flies

Fly fishing lures are made up of a single hook and a lively skirt. These lures are designed to mimic insects, crustaceans, or other prey by using feathers, furs, and thread.

Depending on the targeted prey you desire to fish, you can choose different flies:

  • Dry flies: they are waterproof lures and can float on the water surface to imitate insects). 
  • Wet flies: this lure is allowed to sink below the surface and imitate minnows and aquatic insects.
  • Nymphs: They imitate crustaceans.
  • Emerging flies: These have a design like hatching insects.
  • Streamer flies: This type mimics bait fish.

Flies are most commonly employed in trout and grayling fishing in streams and small rivers. Moreover, anglers need to use a fly rod to reach a real fly’s full impact and motion.

Unlike other lures, fly fishing requires an elegant, accurate casting form and technique that might take years to master. As a result, it isn’t suggested for novices lacking experience casting or fishing with almost weightless lures.

Swimbait

Swimbait

Swimbaits are more challenging to categorize as a lure type because they resemble plugs and crankbaits in mimicking fish.

On the other hand, how swimbaits are retrieved makes it different. When the line is pulled in, certain swimbaits accelerate their speed, making their tails flap during the process. Others may move similarly to a waving-flag motion on the surface of the water.

One notable benefit is that they are also powerful and effective in floating grass, helping with fewer tangles and snags. That’s why swimbaits are suitable for novices who are not good at control.

They are also a fantastic choice for novices because they may be thrown out from the jetty, the beach, and in shallows and flats at various depths. One notable benefit is that they are also strong and effective in floating grass, resulting in fewer snags and tangles.

Conclusion

The tip for choosing a proper lure is straightforward. First, you might discover the fishing place and your targeted fish. Then, just pick the lure that perfectly imitates what that fish eats. This will help you increase the success rate of catching it.

This article has given you helpful knowledge of 10 types of fishing lures. We believe you are ready to choose the suitable lure for the next fishing journey

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